Biology is a popular degree subject and is the study of living creatures; it is heavily concerned with health and science so most tend to take career routes in this area, though this doesn’t mean there aren’t other options for you. The common jobs many people become are academic researcher, microbiologist, pharmacologist, marine biologist, and many others. 

Here is one of the most popular careers graduates go on to after finishing their degree in biology, their job goals, and how much they earn. The handy table class='table table-striped's below each section will tell you the approximate ultimate earning potential you can expect, the likely career progression path you might follow to do that career – and the top ten employers hiring candidates. 


Microbiologists study microorganisms with the intention of understanding how they might affect us and the environment to attempt to find ways of bettering our lives. You’ll focus on studying microorganisms at a cellular or molecular level, which includes viruses, fungi and bacteria. As you can imagine, most microbiologists work in hospitals and laboratory-based settings. But don’t worry if that doesn’t sound perfect for you, you can also work in education or even agriculture.  

There are different types of microbiologists, so depending on the area of specialisation you decide to work in, your career route will differ. Some of these areas will be in medicine, environments, research and development and healthcare.  

On a day-to-day basis, you’ll be identifying microorganisms, collecting samples and generally going over relevant research.  


Position in career Associated Salary (US) 
Trainee  To become a microbiologist, you must first hold a relevant bachelor’s degree in biology or a similar subject. Work experience and doing an internship in a lab will also prove to be hugely beneficial.  $40,000 
Qualified  Don’t worry if you don’t have a degree in biology, you can also work your way up as a laboratory technician and gain plenty of experience. This means that there is more than one route to becoming a microbiologist, so make sure you find the one that fits you. $55,000 
Experienced  Experienced workers in any area of work will require many years of experience to be able to carry the added responsibilities of the role. You can reach this position once you have the necessary training and experience, as well as a Ph.D. to work in research or universities.      $81,000 


  1. US Food and Drug Administration 
  2. University of South Florida 
  3. University of Kentucky 
  4. Cottage Health 
  5. Health Research, Inc. 
  6. UCLA Health 
  7. Ballad Health 
  8. The Mount Sinai Health System 
  9. Procter & Gamble 
  10. Adirondack Health 
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